NOTE: The exemption/reduction in Iceland under the current agreements can only be achieved if the Director of Internal Revenue requests an exemption/reduction on Form 5.42. Until there is an exemption allowed with the number one registered, you have to pay taxes in Iceland. Double taxation agreements (DBAs) are contracts between two or more countries to avoid international double taxation between income and wealth. The main objective of the DBA is to distribute the right of taxation among the contracting countries, to avoid differences, to guarantee equal rights and security of taxpayers and to prevent tax evasion. Individuals (“individuals”) can only reside in one country. People who have foreign subsidiaries may have their headquarters in one country and reside in another country: a subsidiary may receive substantial income in one country, but transfer that income (for example. B in the form of royalties) to a holding company in another country that has a lower corporate tax rate. This is why controlling inappropriate corporate tax evasion becomes more difficult and requires more investigation when goods, rights and services are transferred.  Cyprus has concluded more than 45 double taxation agreements and negotiates with many other countries. Under these agreements, a credit is normally accepted against the tax collected by the country in which the taxpayer is established for taxes collected in the other contracting country, resulting in the taxpayer not paying more than the higher of the two rates. Some contracts provide for an additional tax credit that would otherwise have been due had it not been provided for incentives in the other country, which would have resulted in an exemption or tax reduction.
In January 2018, a DBA was signed between the Czech Republic and Korea.  The treaty creates double taxation between these two countries. In this case, a Korean resident (person or company) who receives dividends from a Czech company must compensate czech tax on dividends, but also Czech tax on profits, profits of the company that distributes the dividends. The contract is for the taxation of dividends and interest. Under this contract, dividends paid to the other party are taxed at a maximum of 5% of the total dividend amount for corporations and individuals. This contract reduces the tax limit on interest paid from 10% to 5%.